Dorset and East Devon Coast

Dorset and East Devon Coast (World Heritage)

According to historyaah, the eight sections of the approximately 155 km long Jura coast on the English Channel in southern England document a span of around 190 million years of geological history. The coastal landscape is known worldwide as a fossil site for various types of dinosaurs.

Dorset and East Devon Coast: Facts

Official title: Dorset and East Devon coast (“Jurassic Coast”)
Natural monument: Eight sections within a 155 km long stretch of coast on the south-west coast of Great Britain between Orcombe Rocks near Exmouth in East Devon to Studland Bay, Dorset, more than 80 percent of which are pristine cliffs, a total of 25.5 km²; Documentation of a span of about 185 million years from the earth’s history; numerous significant fossil animal finds including ichthyosaurs (ichthyosaurs), scelidosaurs, pterosaurs (flying lizards), dinosaurs; Ammonites including Asteroceras obtusum, Parkinsonia parkinsoni and Titanites anguiformis; Gastropods; Belemnites (cephalopods), echinoderms (hair stars) and plant finds
Continent: Europe
Country: Great Britain
Location: Dorset and East Devon coast
Appointment: 2001
Meaning: Geological evidence of the three stages of the Mesozoic Era (Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous); engine of geoscientific and paleontological research for 300 years

Dorset and East Devon Coast: History

8000-4000 BC Chr. First settlement near Portland
from 700 BC Chr. Fortified settlements
around 1700 First research
1810 First complete ichthyosaur skeleton found (200 million years old)
1820 First geological map of the region
1957 Dorset coast under nature protection
1963 Coast of East Devon under nature protection

Dorset and East Devon Coast

New Lanark Industrial Model Estate (World Heritage)

Starting from the largest cotton mill in Great Britain, the textile entrepreneur and social reformer Robert Owen realized his ideas of a humane working environment with the industrial settlement near Glasgow, founded in 1785. The settlement is considered a milestone in social urban development and economic history.

New Lanark Model Industrial Settlement: Facts

Official title: New Lanark industrial estate (Scotland)
Cultural monument: Textile factory created in the early 19th century by the philanthropist and social reformer Robert Owen with an associated settlement for up to 2,500 workers; Social housing, schools, educational institutions for children and adults, medical care, canteens and shops; Introduction of compulsory schooling, restriction of daily working hours, minimum age for child labor; Worldwide role model for numerous projects to combine industrial production with humane working conditions and adequate living space for employees
Continent: Europe
Country: Great Britain
Location: New Lanark, southeast of Glasgow
Appointment: 2001
Meaning: Milestone in social and industrial history with influences up to the present day

New Lanark Industrial Model Settlement: History

1771 Robert Owen was born in Newton, Wales
1785 David Dale, father-in-law of Robert Owen, founds a cotton mill in New Lanark
1791 Owen director of a spinning mill in Manchester
1800 Owen takes over the management of New Lanark; in the following period introduction of social reforms
from 1810 Fight of Owen with numerous initiatives, petitions, legislative proposals and lectures in public for his reforms
1816 Opening of the school building and cultural center “Institute for Character Education”
1825 Founding of the model settlement “New Harmony” in Indiana, USA, by Owen (failed after two years)
1827 Return to London, working for the cooperative system
1858 Death of Owen
1968 Production in New Lanark ceases
1983 New Lanark Restoration (listed)
1990 Reopening as a museum

Saltaire industrial village (World Heritage)

The neoclassical-style industrial and housing estate was built in 1853 by entrepreneur Titus Salt near Bradford, West Yorkshire. It is the largest completely preserved model settlement from the early industrial age. Saltaire is a prime example of private initiatives in industrial urban development and philanthropically motivated industrialization. The settlement influenced the development and conception of modern garden cities.

Saltaire industrial village: facts

Official title: Saltaire industrial village
Cultural monument: Industrial and housing estate in neoclassical style; built from 1853 by the philanthropist and textile manufacturer Titus Salt; due to poor working and living conditions in Bradford, construction of a model estate with wide streets and spacious workers’ apartments with gardens; around the weaving mills Development of the city of »Saltaire« by 1873, including a canteen (1854), shops, churches (Congregational Church, 1856; Methodist Church, 1868), schools (elementary school, 1868; Sunday school, 1868; Science Art School, 1887), Hospital (1868), Bathhouse (1883) Retirement Home (1886), Boathouse (1871), Roberts Park (1871); Ban on restaurants and alcohol
Continent: Europe
Country: Great Britain
Location: Saltaire, on the outskirts of Bradford
Appointment: 2001
Meaning: Almost completely preserved model settlement in the neoclassical style of the early industrial age

Saltaire industrial village: history

around 1800 Bradford with 16,000 residents
1836 Introduction of alpaca wool in Europe by Titus Salt
1850 Bradford Capital of wool production, 108 weaving mills, over 100,000 residents
1853 Opening of the “Salt Mill” weaving mill, 3,000 workers, 1,200 looms
1868 Opening of the second weaving mill “New Mill”
1873 Completion of Saltaire
1876 Death of Titus Salt
until 1893 Saltaire owned by the Salt family
1986 Operation finally ceased after several changes of ownership
1988 Establishment of an art museum in “Salt Mill”