According to The Country Tutor, Burgas is located on the southern coast of Bulgaria and is the second largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast after Varna and the country’s second largest seaport. It is located in the deepest and most western part of the Burgas Bay, which has crashed into the land, and is located 390 km east of Sofia. It has a railway station and a bus station, from where regular flights to Sofia, Varna, Plovdiv are operated.
The central beach is located under the Sea Garden. The sand of this beach is dark due to the impurities of magnetite. Also within the city, not far from the Izgrev quarter, is the North Beach. The beach strip in the Brugas area reaches a width of 100 m, and in its vicinity there are a large number of lakes with fresh and salt water.
The three largest lagoon lakes were formed due to the low position of the shore. These are Atanasovskoe, Burgasskoe and Madrenskoe lakes. Their deposits are used in mud and balneological centers. The shores of Lake Atanasovskogo are a favorite nesting place for migratory birds. Part of the territory adjacent to the reservoir is a reserve. There are also places for beach recreation, fishing and picnics. Burgas Lake is visited by pelicans, ibises and herons. Lake Madrenskoe is another ornithological reserve.
Holidays in Burgas quite cheap, this resort has gained fame as the most affordable Bulgarian Black Sea coast. Life here is calm and measured – ideal for those who want to take a break from the noisy rhythm of the metropolis.
The history of Burgas goes back centuries, during the reign of the Romans. He is the heir to the Roman town of Deultum, founded by Emperor Vespasian as a military colony of veterans. Later, a hospital appeared here – Aqua Kalidae. In the Middle Ages, a small fortress, called Pyrgos, appeared in the vicinity of Burgas – probably a sentinel place in the Bulgarian state. Only in the 16th century Burgas received its current name and location.
You can get acquainted with the past of the city in the City Historical Museum. Here, of particular interest is a collection of photographs of that time with views of the old beach and the architecture of the city. The Archeology Hall exhibits a rich collection of objects from the old Black Sea colonies. Among them are ceramic dishes, household items, coins, jewelry from antiquity, stone tombstones, plates of Thracian horsemen, cutting tools, and models of ancient settlements.
Another interesting museum is the Natural Science Museum. It will be useful to those who are interested in the flora, fauna and minerals of the region.
At the Ethnographic Museum a curious collection of traditional kuker masks, costumes, household items and ceremonial attributes, typical for the region, has been collected. It has a video hall where films on ethnographic and historical themes are shown and where many traditional Bulgarian fabrics and embroideries are exhibited. The museum has been housed in a house since 1873, declared a cultural monument.
The most famous landmark of the city is the Marine Park. stretching for seven kilometers along the sea. The park contains monuments to famous personalities and modern sculptures. There is also the Summer Open Theatre, which can accommodate about 2,500 people. During the summer season, the theater constantly hosts various theatrical performances, festivals, evenings of modern and folk music. There is also a casino and a small zoo in the park. From the park you can get into the heart of the city – a pedestrian alley with lively cafes, cozy restaurants, bars and various shops.
Also in Burgas you can visit the Church of Saints Cyril and Methodius and a small Armenian church. Both buildings date back to the 19th century. The Church of Saints Cyril and Methodius is famous for its beautiful paintings and wooden altar.
Burgas baths, built next to healing mineral springs, are very interesting. They are one of the most ancient in Bulgaria and have been known since Roman times.
On the shores of Lake Mandra are the ruins of the Pyrgos fortress. There is an assumption that the name of the city comes from the name of this fortress.
A large number of holidays and festivals are held in Burgas. Here are some of them: five days of classical German and Austrian music – at the end of April; international festival of children’s choirs – at the end of May; international theater festival of small forms – “Theater in a suitcase” – in May – June;
a three-week festival of opera and classical music in memory of conductor Emil Chakyrov – in July;
International Folklore Festival and Art Week for Children – in August;
international pop and jazz meeting “Burgas and the Sea” – in September;
international tournament in competitive dancing – in December.