Russia International Relations

Russia International Relations

With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation was slowly reintegrated into the international institutions that support the global economic system: in 1992 Russia joined the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (Wb); in 1997 it was formally accepted into the G8 (only to be excluded with the outbreak of the crisis in Ukraine in November 2013), while in August 2012, after almost eighteen years of…

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Russian Literature During the 19th Century

Russian Literature During the 19th Century

Romanticism From the encounter-clash of the various trends that intersect at the beginning of the century, a predominant line emerges, represented by young nobles, lovers of poetry, innovators of the language, open to the spirit of sentimentality and Romanticism, although often anchored to the forms of eighteenth-century classicism ; some are collected in the Arzamas circle, such as V. Žukovskij, an excellent translator and author of very popular ballads; P.…

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Post-Soviet Russia

Post-Soviet Russia

From the very beginning, Russia had presented itself as the guarantor of the security of the entire former Soviet area, with the exception of the territory of the three Baltic republics, thus assuming heavy political, economic and even military commitments, especially in the points where national conflicts were in progress.. Moscow diplomacy sought, and not without success, to obtain from the West recognition of the particular role claimed, and in…

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Russia Cinema

Russia Cinema

In 2003 the film by a young Russian director was awarded the Golden Lion at the 60th Venice Film Festival: Andrej Zvyagincev’s Vozvraščenje (The Return). The beginning of the new millennium therefore began with the recognition, by one of the most prestigious Western film institutions, of the awaited and perhaps definitive rebirth of post-Soviet Russian cinema, or its regeneration, thanks to a new generation of young directors, after a decade of first…

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Russia During Empress Catherine II

Russia During Empress Catherine II

German, born in Szczecin in 1729, Sofia Augusta Federica, called Caterina after the acceptance of the Orthodox religion, at the age of fourteen married the fifteen-year-old Pietro. Lively and restless, she loved hunting parties and read with interest Madame de Sevigné, Montesquieu, Voltaire; therefore one understands her indignation against her foolish, childish and cruel husband, one also understands how from her young years the ideas of religious tolerance, aversion to…

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Russia Economic Policy

Location of the Russian Federation

After falling deeply in the 1990’s, Russia had recovered economically. In addition to the stronger oil price, an increase in industrial production, domestic consumption and increasing investment activity had also contributed. Corruption and bureaucracy, however, hamper the country’s economic development. The long-awaited transformation into a high-tech state is still missing. Structural deficits, financing problems and trade restrictions through sanctions are holding back economic growth. Policy Major economic reforms were carried…

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Russia Everyday Life

Russia 500 ruble bill

Currency: Russian ruble (RUB) Exchange rate: 90 per € (12.2020) Time zones: UTC +3 to UTC +12 Country code (phone): 007 Climate (for capital): continental Everyday life As national holidays of June 12 be the day on which the Russian SFSR in 1990 declared its state sovereignty and “the people Unity Day”, which is reminiscent of the so-called November 4, to the liberation of Moscow in 1612 by Polish-Lithuanian foreign…

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Travel to Russia

Russia Foods

Entry restrictions due to COVID-19 To contain the coronavirus, entry of foreigners was severely restricted from March 18 to May 1, 2020. Only a few groups of people are still allowed to enter: people with permanent residence permits, official delegations, employees of embassies and transit travelers. On April 29, the entry restrictions on foreigners were indefinitely extended. The air traffic in the EU and Germany is heavily restricted Service. German…

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Russia Health

Overview map Russia

According to the law, emergency treatment in state clinics is generally free of charge, but the state clinics often do not meet the German standard in terms of equipment. In Moscow, St. Petersburg and some other large cities there are some, mostly private hospitals, which also meet higher demands in terms of accommodation and technical and professional equipment. As a rule, knowledge of Russian is required in medical care facilities.…

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Russia Religion and Culture

Children in the Orthodox Church

Culture The most important Russian writers include Alexander Pushkin, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Lev Tolstoy, Nikolaj Gogol, Anton Chekhov, Maxim Gorky, Vladimir Nabokov, Mikhail Bulgakov, Boris Pasternak and Alexander Solzhenitsyn. In painting, among others, Wassily Kandinsky, Kasimir Malewitsch and Marc Chagall achieved fame that reached far beyond the country’s borders. The largest collections of Russian art are in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow and in the Russian Museum united in St. Petersburg.…

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