Iceland Overview

Iceland flag

Iceland is located in the North Atlantic, just south of the Arctic Circle, and includes the island of Iceland and several smaller islands. The main island is located about 300 km southeast of Greenland, 1,000 km west of Norway and 800 km northwest of Scotland. Capital: Reykjavik Biggest city: Reykjavik State: republic Language: Icelandic Religion: Protestantism Surface: 103 km Population: 315,300 (2013) Population density: 3 residents per km² Life expectancy:…

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Iceland Population and Language

Iceland Population and Language

Iceland is Europe’s most sparsely populated country. Only one fifth of the land area is inhabited, almost exclusively the coastal strip. Nearly two-thirds of the population lives in the capital Reykjavík and its surroundings. Iceland has an unusually uniform population, originally from Norwegian immigrants (see Older history). Most of today’s immigrants also come from the Nordic countries, but in recent years Iceland has also received labor and refugees from other…

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