Slovenia flag

Slovenia is located in southern Europe but is sometimes included in Central Europe. The country borders Italy, Austria, Hungary and Croatia.

Capital: Ljubljana
Biggest city: Ljubljana
State: republic within the EU
Language: Slovenian
Religion: catholicism
Surface: 20 273 km²
Population: 2.1 million (2013)
Population density: 99 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 77 years
Illiteracy: 0%
Currency: euro (EUR)
1 euro = 9.76 kr
GDP per capita: $ 28,100 (2010)
Time difference: +0 hours
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: June 25
Country area code: 386
2-Letter country abbreviation: SI (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: service sector 52%, industry 46%, agriculture 2%
Climate: temperate; colder winters and warmer summers in the interior of the country

Slovenia flag

Slovenia was the first country to break away from Yugoslavia and declare independence in 1991. After slightly escaping the Yugoslav wars, Slovenia was able to move closer to the EU economically and politically. The country joined NATO in 2004 and joined the EU later that year.

Slovenia has a varied nature with both alpine landscapes and a short Mediterranean coast towards the Adriatic Sea. Approximately half of the country’s surface is covered by forest, making Slovenia Europe’s third most densely forested country after Finland and Sweden.

The country has a Mediterranean climate on the coast, alpine climate in the mountains and continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys in the east.


The following objects in Slovenia are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • The Skocjan Caves (1986)
  • Prehistoric outbuildings in or around the Alps (2011)
  • The cultural heritage of mercury, Idrija (2012)


Electricity and electrical outlets in Slovenia

Voltage: 220 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: C, F

Need an adapter: No, you do not need an adapter.


Weather in Ljubljana

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C -2 0 5 9 14 17 20 19 16 11 4 0
Day °C 2 4 10 14 20 23 26 24 21 15 7 3
Night °C -5 -4 0 3 8 11 13 13 10 6 0 -3
Rain (mm) 40 40 40 50 50 50 50 50 60 70 70 50
Rainy days 8 6 11 17 16 16 15 14 14 14 15 12
Soltim / day 10 11 11 10 8 7 5 5 7 9 10 10

Slovenia 2


Bled is a popular tourist resort located in northwestern Slovenia. The city has 10,899 residents (2002).

Bled is located at the foot of the Julian Alps, and is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful holiday resorts in the Alps.


According to Countryaah, Ljubljana is the capital and largest city of Slovenia, located where Ljubljanica flows into Sava in the municipality of Ljubljana. The city has 267,920 residents (2007).

The city got its name in 1144 and was in Austria under the influence of the Habsburgs until 1918, when Austria-Hungary perished.

During the 19th century, a Slavic movement began to form to meet the growing demands of Germanism in Ljubljana. The priests were given a key role in managing the Slovenian heritage from completely perishing in the Austrian cultural circle. In 1895, the city was hit by a severe earthquake that destroyed the entire city center. Austrian architects built the city in the new style of the time, art deco and in baroque-inspired buildings that still characterize the city center today. However, it was the architect Jo ?? e Plecnik who came to make the biggest impression in the new Ljubljana when he had several of the city’s most famous buildings designed during the interwar period, such as Ljubljana University and more.

After the First World War, Ljubljana became part of the new Slavic state of Yugoslavia and the Germans were expelled. Previously, Ljubljana had been considered part of Austria’s core country and was an important railway hub along the Vienna – Trieste railway line, but now found itself on the periphery even though the city became the center of Slovenian and new Yugoslav culture. The city was incorporated into the German Empire during World War II in 1941. The Germans envisioned allowing German settlers “living space” in the northern parts of Slovenia at the expense of the Slovenes.

After the liberation in 1945, extensive reconstruction work began and the city soon became one of Yugoslavia’s richest cities per capita. However, the Slovenes were most reluctant to join the Yugoslav Federation because they felt that they were disadvantaged by the equalization system that existed where richer parts of the country were forced to pay to poorer parts of Yugoslavia. After the Yugoslav Federation began to crack, first after Tito’s death in 1980 and then around 1990, Slovenia declared independence in the city on June 26, 1991, followed by a ten-day war of independence against the Yugoslav Federal Army, including airstrikes against Ljubljana. For the first time since 1945, a European city was subjected to airstrikes. After ten days, however, the Yugoslav Federal Army gave up.