San Marino Population and Language

More than 10,000 San Marinians are expected to live in other countries, primarily in Italy, the United States, France and Argentina. Population density is the third highest in Europe after Monaco and Malta.

San Marino Population Forecast

The old, walled part of the capital San Marino is located on one of Titano Mountain’s peaks and is surrounded on the hillsides by the San Marino Administrative Assembly. The largest city is the industrial and border town of Serravalle with just under 11,000 residents.

  • COUNTRYAAH.COM: Key populations estimated size and data of San Marino, including population density of how many people per square mile. Also included are facts for population and language.

Of the population, about 85 percent are San Marines, who are of Northern Italian origin; most of the rest are Italians. Italian is the official language. Romagnol, which, like Italian, is a Roman language, is also spoken of everyday life.

San Marino Population and Language



San Marines 83.1%, Italians 12.0%, others 4.8%

Number of residents

33,400 (2017)

Number of residents per square kilometer

557 (2017)

Percentage of residents in the cities

97.1 percent (2017)

Nativity / birth

7.9 per 1000 residents (2016)

Mortality / mortality

7.6 per 1000 residents (2016)


0.6 percent (2017)

fertility rate

1.3 number of children born per woman (2012)

Life expectancy

85 years (2012)

Life expectancy for women

87 years (2012)

Life expectancy for men

84 years (2012)