Luxembourg flag

Luxembourg is a Grand Duchy located at the intersection of Belgium, Germany and France. The country is one of the six original members of the EEC (later the EC and the EU). Luxembourg is one of Europe’s microstates.

Capital: Luxembourg
Biggest city: Luxembourg
State: Grand Duchy of the EU
Language: German, French, Luxembourgish
Religion: catholicism
Surface: 2,586 km
Population: 514,900 (2013)
Population density: 190 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 79 years
Illiteracy: 0%
Currency: euro (EUR)
1 euro = 9.76 kr
GDP per capita: $ 79,400 (2010)
Time difference: +0 hours
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: June 23
Country area code: 352
2-Letter country abbreviation: LU (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: service sector 77%, industry 19%, agriculture 4%
Climate: temperate; cold winters and mild summers

Luxembourg flag

Luxembourg was founded as a political entity in 963, and became a Grand Duchy in 1815 under Dutch rule. After Belgium became independent from the Netherlands, Luxembourg lost more than half of its territory to this new state in 1839. In return, political independence increased, and in 1867 Luxembourg was a sovereign state. The vernacular Luxembourgish language is closely related to German, but virtually everyone in the country speaks both German and French.

In the early 2000s, The Economist ranked Luxembourg as the richest country in the world. The country has a stable economy with proper growth, low inflation and low unemployment. In 2005, Luxembourg had the world’s highest nominal GDP per capita, at 62,000 US dollars.

Many of Luxembourg’s culinary specialties are typical of forest areas: boiled hare and Ardennes ham. Other popular dishes are prepared with pike and trout from the rivers.


The following objects in Luxembourg are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • Old parts and fortifications of the city of Luxembourg (1994)


Electricity and electrical outlets in Luxembourg

Voltage: 220 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: C, F

Need an adapter: No, you do not need an adapter.


Weather in Luxembourg

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 0 2 4 8 12 15 17 16 13 9 4 1
Rain (mm) 67 53 55 53 64 66 69 67 63 71 71 75

Luxembourg 2


According to Countryaah, Luxembourg is the capital of the country of Luxembourg. The city is located at the mouth of the river Pétrusse in the river Alzette. The three most important districts, the old town (Center), Bourbon (Gare) and Kirchberg are located on separate platea delimited by deep river ravines. The city has 86,009 residents (2007) and is one of the smaller capitals in the world.

The city of Luxembourg has a different topography, in that the cityscape is characterized by several ravines. Inside the city center there are many narrow small streets, but also boulevards such as Boulevard John F. Kennedy where almost all EU institutions located in Luxembourg are located.

Among other things, Luxembourg is known for its large concentration of banks; over a hundred banks from around the world have offices there. The EU is also a significant employer in the city, with several EU institutions headquartered: the European Court of Justice, the European Court of Auditors and the European Investment Bank (EIB).

In 1994, the old city of Luxembourg was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.