Latvia History Timeline

According to constructmaterials, the Republic of Latvia is a country in Northern Europe. The country borders the Baltic Sea and is one of the three Baltic countries together with Estonia and Lithuania, which are Latvia’s neighboring countries to the north and south, respectively. To the east, the country borders Russia and Belarus.


2000 BCE – The first residents of Latvia were nomadic tribes of hunters, fishermen and gatherers who lived in the forests of the Baltic coast after the glaciers had retreated after the last ice age. These peoples were displaced by the Baltic peoples, who were Indo-European tribes who had developed agriculture and lived permanently in Latvia, Lithuania and Prussia.

1201 – German Bishop Albert founds Riga.

1202 – The Bishop founded the Order of the Sword with the permission of Rome.

1207 – February 2. Terra Mariae was the name given to the administrative area under the Holy Roman Empire and by Pope Innocent 3.

1237 – Before the Order of the Sword is transformed into the Order of Teutons, the Germans submit to the Christian and Estonian tribes.

1558 – When Russia invaded the region to curb the Polish-Lithuanian expansion, fell Teutons-order apart and Livonia ( Livonia ) was divided.

1918 – November 18. Latvia became independent from Russia. It was not until August 11, 1920, that it was recognized after the Latvian War of Independence.

1940s – Latvia was invaded by Nazi Germany in 1941 and was again invaded in 1945 by Soviet troops who occupied the country until August 21, 1991, when the country became independent again.

1945-46 – 105,000 letters were deported to Russia. At the same time, an area in the northeastern corner of Latvia – with predominantly Russian population – was ceded to Russia.

1949 – Opposition to forced collectivization in agriculture leads to further deportation of 70,000 Latvians to Russia and Siberia.

1998 – April. The Commander-in-Chief of the Latvian Armed Forces, Juris Dalbinsh, was dismissed from his post after attending an event for former Latvian members of the German SS who had fought with Germany during World War II against the Soviet Union.

1988 – September. The Club for the Protection of the Environment of Latvia (VAK) organized an environmental demonstration that gathered 45,000 people standing hand in hand along the Baltic coast in protest of the uncontrolled pollution from the Jurmala paper mill west of Riga.

1990 – May 4. Independent of the Soviet Union. On August 21, 1991, it was recognized.

2004 – March 29. Latvia became a member of NATO.

2004 – May 1. Latvia joined the EU.

2009 – January 13. The opposition and the trade union movement called for a demonstration against the economic crisis and the government’s handling of it. Demonstrations gained 10-20,000 participants, but from being peaceful, it developed violently as protesters attacked shops and police cars. 50 were injured and over 100 arrested. The protesters tried to storm the parliament but were repulsed. Protests against the government continued, its popularity plummeted and it was unable to cope with the economic crisis. In February, the government asked for a loan of DKK 7 billion. € from the IMF and the EU and at the same time nationalized the country’s second largest bank, Parex there was bankruptcy. Problems piled up and at the end of the month the government resigned, and the president appointed Valdis Dombrovskis as the new prime minister of a new center-right government. Demonstrations against the government therefore continued through 2009.

2009 – May. Riga gave permission for a march in the city for gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transsexuals, but 5 days later a majority in the city council overturned this decision, arguing that the march was offensive to public honor and a threat to the public security. The Riga city ​​council overturned this decision the next day, and the following day the march was conducted under police protection by homophobes who pelted the marchers with insults.

2010 – February. A Latvian programmer named Neo downloaded millions of documents from the Latvian tax authorities. The documents revealed that Latvia’s richest and most well – paid civil servants had cheated to avoid being hit by the government cuts and reductions in public wages as a result of the economic crisis. Among other things, Neo could state that the head of Riga’s heating company had granted himself a bonus of US $ 34,450 in 2009 while his employees had gone down in salary. Bank directors of cracked banks that had been rescued by the state had also granted themselves large bonuses. Neo therefore gained instant cult status and immense popularity, while public anger was directed at the government and the bosses who let the bill for the crisis pass on to their employees while they themselves skimmed the cream. In May, authorities arrested Ilmārs Poikāns, who was put on trial for being a Neo – and thus « a threat to state security ». It did not diminish his cult status in the population. Formally, it is uncertain whether he can be convicted of anything illegal at all, as he did not actually break into any system, but simply downloaded documents that due to a security flaw in the tax system were fully available on the Internet.

Latvia History Timeline