Estonia flag

Estonia is the smallest, northernmost and most sparsely populated country in the Baltics. The country is covered by over 800 islands in the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, and borders Latvia and Russia. In other respects, Estonia’s borders are coastal. The two largest islands are Ösel and Dagö.

Capital: Tallinn
Biggest city: Tallinn
State: republic within the EU
Language: Estonian
Religion: Protestantism
Surface: 45 226 km²
Population: 1.3 million (2013)
Population density: 29 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 73 years
Illiteracy: 0%
Currency: Estonian krona (EEK)
GDP per capita: $ 18,300 (2010)
Time difference: +1 hour
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: February 24th
Country area code: 372
2-Letter country abbreviation: EE (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: service sector 65%, industry 28%, agriculture 7%
Climate: cold temperate; cold winters and mild summers

Estonia flag

Estonia was owned by Sweden between 1558 and 1721, but became part of the Soviet Union after the Great Nordic War. Estonia was recognized as an independent state in 1991, and since 2004 it has been a member of both the EU and NATO. Compared to other former Soviet republics, Estonia has a high standard of living. Traditional Estonian dishes include pickled eel, blood sausage and sauerkraut stew with pork.

World Heritage

The following objects in Estonia are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • Old Town of Tallinn (1997, 2008)
  • Three measuring points in Struve’s meridian arc (2005)


Electricity and electrical outlets in Estonia

Voltage: 230 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: F

Need an adapter: No, you do not need an adapter.


Weather in Tallinn

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C -4 -5 -1 4 10 14 17 16 11 7 2 -3
Day °C 0 -1 2 8 15 19 21 19 14 9 3 -1
Night °C -7 -8 -4 0 5 9 12 12 7 4 0 -5
Rain (mm) 70 40 40 30 40 70 80 90 100 80 80 70
Rainy days 13 9 10 12 12 14 13 14 15 19 17 12
Soltim / day 11 11 12 11 11 10 8 7 8 10 11 11

Estonia 2


Narva is a city located in northeastern Estonia, on the border with Russia. Narva has about 75,000 residents, of which 93.85% are Russian-speaking. In Narva-Jõesuu, at the mouth of the river Narva in the Baltic Sea, there is a long sandy beach along the Baltic Sea with several hotels.

Narva was conquered by the Swedes in 1581. A decisive battle took place there in 1700 in the Great Nordic War. Charles XII and the Swedish army of 10,610 men attacked the approximately 37,000-strong Russian army. The Swedish army crushed the Russian army under the command of Charles Eugène de Croy. Even during World War II, there was a battle for Narva in 1944. It lasted from January to September, with the Soviet Union victorious over Nazi Germany.


According to Countryaah, Tallinn, formerly Reval, is the capital and largest city of Estonia, located on the Gulf of Finland in the northern part of the country. Since independence from the Soviet Union (1991), travel opportunities between Western Europe and Estonia have radically improved. Large hotels have been built in the central parts of the city and these meet Western European standards. The old city of Tallinn was put on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997.