France Early History

France Early History

As a country that is a member of European Union defined by pharmacylib.com, France, home to the first Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, is a founding member of the UN and one of the five permanent members of its Security Council. It houses the headquarters of the Council of Europe and the European Parliament, both in Strasbourg, and those of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development | Organization for Economic Cooperation and…

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Terrorist Attacks in France

Terrorist Attacks in France

Member country of the European Union defined by topb2bwebsites.com; its capital is Paris. It extends over a total area of 550,000 km² and has a population of 64.3 million residents. Its form of government is organized as a semi-presidential Republic with the official name of the French Republic and the motto Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité (Liberty, Equality and Fraternity), born of the French Revolution. France is a highly developed country, with a high international diffusion of its…

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France Culture

France Culture

Science, technology and education Great inventors were born in France such as the Montgolfier Brothers (inventors of the hot air balloon), Nicéphore Niepce (chemist, lithographer and amateur scientist who, together with his brother, invented a motor for boats and, together with Louis Daguerre, photography), Clément Ader (inventor of the airplane, a microphone and the first improvements of the telephone), the Lumière Brothers (inventors of the movie projector), René Théophile Hyacinthe Laënnec (inventor of the stethoscope), Louis Pasteur (the technique known as pasteurization), Jacques Lacan considered…

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France Geography and Economy

France Economy

Geography The French territory has an area of 675,417 km², which represents 0.50% of the emerged lands of the planet (40th in the world). Metropolitan France, that is, European, has 551,695 km² (data from the French National Geographic Institute), while overseas France has another 123,722 km² (without considering the Adelie Land by the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 that suspended the recognition of all sovereignties in that region). Its largest islands…

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France Modern History

France Modern History

After Napoleon After Napoleon’s final defeat in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo and as a consequence of the Congress of Vienna, the French monarchy was reinstated, but with new constitutional limitations. Although the political organization of France oscillated between republic, empire and monarchy for 75 years after the First Republic fell after Napoleon Bonaparte’s coup, the truth is that the revolution marked the final end of absolutism and gave birth to a new regime where the…

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French Colonialism

French Colonialism

As a country that is a member of European Union defined by estatelearning.com, France had colonial possessions, in various forms, from the early 17th century through the 1960s. At its highest point, between 1919 and 1939, the second French colonial empire stretched over 12,347,000 km² of land. Including the metropolis France, the total area of land under French sovereignty reached 12,898,000 km² in the 1920s and 1930s, which is 8.6% of the world’s land area. The…

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Germany During World Wars

Germany During World Wars

First World War The causes of the First World War can be found in the contradictions between the countries of the Entente (France, Great Britain and Russia) and the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria- Hungary and Italy), which sought to carry out a new division of the world. The pretext used to spark the confrontation was the murder of the Austrian imperial heir Francisco Fernando in Sarajevo and his wife by a Serbian student. As a…

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German Empire

German Empire

Before the Holy Roman Empire From southern Scandinavia and northern Germany, the Germanic tribes began their expansion to the south, east, and west in the 1st century BC. C., coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul, as well as Iran, the Baltic, and the Slavic tribes of Eastern Europe. Little is known about the early history of the Germanic peoples, except what is known through their interactions with the Roman Empire…

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Germany Government and Politics

Germany Politics

As a country that is a member of European Union defined by computergees.com, the Federal Republic of Germany is a constitutional and federal democracy whose political system is defined in its 1949 constitution, called the Grundgesetz (fundamental law). It has a parliamentary system, in which the head of government, the Bundeskanzler (chancellor), is elected. Federal institutions Federal President The function of head of state is fulfilled by the Bundespräsident (Federal President), whose powers are practically limited to ceremonial…

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Germany Geography

Germany Geography

Its population is the second largest in Europe (after European Russia), and it is the seventh country by area. Its territory covers 357,021 km², consisting of 349,223 km² of land and 7,798 km² of water. Extending from the high peaks of the Alps(highest point: the Zugspitze at 2,962 m high) in the south to the shores of the Baltic and North Seas. In the center of the country are the forested highlands…

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