Monaco

Monaco

Monaco is a principality on the Mediterranean, surrounded by France on three sides. It is located about 15 kilometers east of Nice, and near the Italian border. According to Countryaah.com, Monaco is the world’s second smallest country after the Vatican City and the world’s smallest country with a coastline. Since 1297, Monaco has been ruled by the princes of the house of Grimaldi, originally a family from Genoa. The current…

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Montenegro

The bay of Kotor

Montenegro is a republic in southeastern Europe on the Adriatic. The country, which is somewhat smaller than Telemark County, borders Croatia in the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina in the northwest, Serbia in the northeast and east, Kosovo in the east and Albania in the south. The country has a coast towards the Adriatic in the southwest. The population is 629 219 inhabitants (2018). The capital is Podgorica. Montenegro was part…

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Religion in Albania

Orthodox Church

Religions Albania has from ancient times a great religious diversity. The largest religious communities today are the Muslim community ( Komuniteti mysliman in Shqipërisë ), Albania’s Orthodox Autocephalic Church ( Kisha Autocephalous Orthodox e Shqipërisë), the Catholic Church in Albania, and the Bektashi community ( Komuniteti bektash ). Albania has had a secular character from its founding in 1912. The first nation state in Europe with a Muslim majority was…

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The History of Albania Part 4

communist regime

Cooperation with China Relations between Albania and China had been growing before this. In the winter of 1960–1961, the rift between Hoxha and Nikita Khrushchev marked Albania’s final withdrawal from the Soviet sphere. To show their dissatisfaction with Albania’s alliance with China, the Soviet Union stopped grain deliveries. To this, Hoxha replied that the Albanians would rather eat grass than give in. From 1961 to 1978, Albania depended on China,…

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The History of Albania Part 3

Memorial of fallen World War II partisans. Voskopoje.

World War II Ironically, it was Ahmet Zogu’s resistance to the ever-growing Italian influence in Albania that eventually led Italian dictator Benito Mussolini to invade Albania in April 1939. He made the country an Italian protectorate and installed a puppet government. During Italian occupation, large parts of Kosovo were merged with Albania as an Italian vassal state. After Italy surrendered in 1943, the Nazis took over, until Enver Hoxha ‘s…

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The History of Albania Part 2

Statue of the Albanian chieftain Ali Pasha from the Nipples in the Nipples.

Albanian nationalism Many of the factors that contributed to nationalist movements in the 19th century in other Balkan countries were missing in Albania. The majority of Albanians had the same religion as the Turks, and were largely local subjects. They were not divided between Islam, Orthodox and Catholic Christianity, nor did they have a unifying religious institution. The Albanian language could be a link. But there were hardly any schools…

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The History of Albania Part 1

Communist presentation of Albanian history at the National Museum in Tirana.

The state of Albania with its present borders first existed in the 20th century. In ancient times the area was part of Illyria, as in the 200 century BCE. became a Roman province. After the year 395 AD, the province came under Byzantine rule. From approx. By 1430, Albania was under Ottoman control and divided into four administrative areas, until the Declaration of Independence in 1912. The following year, half…

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Contemporary History of Albania

Capital Tirana

Albania’s contemporary history is Albania’s history after the dissolution of the dictatorship in 1990-1991. In the post- World War II period, Albania was part of the Soviet- controlled Eastern bloc, but broke with the Soviet Union in the 1960s and then oriented itself toward Chinese socialism ( Maoism ). In 1990/1991, Albania’s 45-year era ceased as a communist people ‘s republic. The communist regime had been characterized by strict planning…

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Albania Movie

Albanian Film Festival November 2012, Tirana

During communism (1944-1991) Albania had a relatively large film production. These films are usually social-realistic or national- romantic content. Following the fall of the dictatorship in 1991-92, Albanian film has become very diverse, both in form and content, in documentary, animation and feature films. Several have won awards internationally, and many are cooperative productions with foreign countries. In general, Albanian film is the part of Albanian cultural life that has…

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Art and architecture in Albania

Albania has architectural monuments from Greek and Roman antiquity, Byzantine medieval times and in recent times from Turkish culture. The coastal areas have been more or less inhabited from ancient times. Near Byllis there are well-preserved remains of large Hellenistic city walls. In Apollonia there are ruins from Greek and Roman times. From 395, Albania entered the East Roman Empire and thus the Byzantine Church. From the 1400s to 1912…

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