Bulgaria flag

Bulgaria is located on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe, and in recent years has become a popular tourist destination among Swedes. Most are attracted by the beaches of the Black Sea, but the country also offers ski resorts and hiking trails among the mountains.

Capital: Sofia
Biggest city: Sofia
State: republic within the EU
Language: Bulgarian
Religion: orthodox christian
Surface: 110,910 km
Population: 7.3 million (2013)
Population density: 65 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 73 years
Illiteracy: 2%
Currency: Bulgarian lev (BGN)
1 lev = SEK 4.93
GDP per capita: $ 12,100 (2010)
Time difference: +1 hour
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: March 3rd
Country area code: 359
2-Letter country abbreviation: BG (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: service sector 45%, industry 38%, agriculture 17%
Climate: temperate; cold, humid winters and hot, dry summers

Bulgaria flag

The country still carries on its eastern state heritage, even though it has worked hard to adapt to new times and customs. Before the fall of the Iron Curtain, the seaside resorts on the Black Sea were part of “Mallorca of the Eastern Bloc”. Nowadays, Swedes have also found their way here, to places like Sunny Beach and Golden Sands. Not least because of the favorable price situation.

Bulgaria is one of Europe’s oldest state formations, and was founded in 681. A prehistoric city has been found outside Provadia in northeastern Bulgaria, which archaeologists believe is Europe’s oldest. Culturally, Bulgaria is a melting pot between Muslim customs and Christian tradition. The proximity to the Arab world and the Middle East has left its mark.

Bulgaria is also known for its many mineral water springs with health resorts. The country has a large wine production, mainly of red wines. The food is tasty, spicy and varied and contains a lot of fresh fruit and vegetables.


The following objects in Bulgaria are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • Bojanakyrkan (1979)
  • The equestrian sculpture in Madara (1979)
  • The Rock Churches of Ivanovo (1979)
  • Thracian Tomb of Kazanlăk (1979)
  • Staden Nesebăr (1983)
  • Pirin National Park (1983)
  • Rilaklostret (1983)
  • Srebarna nature reserve (1983)
  • The Thracian Tomb in Switzerland (1985)


Electricity and electrical outlets in Bulgaria

Voltage: 230 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: C, F

Need an adapter: No, you do not need an adapter.


Weather in Sofia

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C -1 1 6 10 15 19 21 20 17 11 5 1
Day °C 2 4 10 15 20 24 28 26 23 16 8 4
Night °C -4 -3 1 5 9 13 14 14 11 6 1 -2
Rain (mm) 40 40 50 70 70 70 60 70 40 30 50 40
Rainy days 8 7 11 17 17 14 11 10 10 11 11 8
Soltim / day 1 2 3 4 9 12 11 8 6 4 2 1

Bulgaria 2


According to Countryaah, Sofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria. The city is located in western Bulgaria, at the foot of the Vitosha mountain range, and is the administrative, cultural and industrial center of the country. The city is one of the country’s provinces and had 1,240,788 residents at the end of 2007.

Sofia is one of the oldest capitals in Europe and its history dates back to the 700s BC. when Thraker settled in the area. The city has historic landmarks such as the 9th century Bojana Church (one of Bulgaria’s World Heritage Sites), and Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (one of the world’s largest Orthodox churches), and the early Byzantine St. Sofia Church.

Sunny Beach

Sunny Beach is Bulgaria’s largest tourist resort and is located on the Black Sea, 35 kilometers north of the city of Burgas. There is plenty of shopping, especially on Flower Street which is the city’s main street. Sunny Beach has a beach that is seven kilometers long and almost 150 meters wide.


Varna is a town on the Black Sea coast of northern Bulgaria. It had 313,983 residents at the end of 2007, making it the country’s third largest city. The city was founded as the Greek colony of Odessos in 580 BC and has long been a significant port city. Today, the port and the nearby tourist resorts are of great importance to the economy. The city is known for its beaches and is a popular tourist destination. The famous tourist area Zlatni pjas? Tsi (also known as Golden Sands) is located on the northeastern outskirts of the city. 1949-1956 the city was called Stalin.

Varna is called the sea capital of Bulgaria, as it is the largest Bulgarian city on the coast. Varna was also the base of Bulgaria’s fleet. Nowadays there is a maritime museum with the museum ship the torpedo boat Draski. The Archaeological Museum contains parts of the great gold find from Varna, which is the oldest gold treasure in the world.