Since the Second World War, Andorra’s population has multiplied, mainly due to extensive immigration. In 2015, the number of residents was just over 85,000. Just under half of the residents are Andoran citizens, while 26 percent are Spaniards, 14 percent Portuguese and 5 percent are French. In addition, there are many guest workers from Latin America and North Africa who work in tourism and agriculture.
Andorra has no reception system for immigrants and it is not possible to seek asylum in the country. In 2006, Andorra received immigrants for the first time for humanitarian reasons. There were five Eritreans, who along with other African boat refugees had been rescued by a Spanish fishing boat off Malta.
- COUNTRYAAH.COM: Key populations estimated size and data of Andorra, including population density of how many people per square mile. Also included are facts for population and language.
The fact that Andorran is a minority in their own country is partly due to the difficulty of becoming an Andorran citizen. The mother must be an Andorran citizen or the father must be born in Andorra. Both parents must be permanently resident in Andorra. Foreigners must live 25 years in the country to be eligible for citizenship. Anyone who has married an Andorran can apply for citizenship after three years. Andorra does not allow dual citizenship.
More than 85 percent of the population live in urban areas, of which 23,000 (in 2014) in the capital Andorra la Vella.
Catalan is the official language, but many also speak French, Spanish and Portuguese.
FACTS – POPULATION AND LANGUAGE
Spaniards 37%, Andorran 36%, Portuguese 13%, French 7%, other ethnic groups 7%
Number of residents
76 965 (2017)
Number of residents per square kilometer
Percentage of residents in the cities
88.2 percent (2017)
Nativity / birth
8.8 per 1000 residents (2016)
Mortality / mortality
4.3 per 1000 residents (2016)
-0.4 percent (2017)
1.3 number of births per woman (2010)
official language is Catalan 1
- French and Spanish are also used